Regardless of their level of education, white men benefit from approximately similar wage premiums—just above 20 percent. Alternatively, Hispanic women who receive a high school diploma experience a wage gap that is about 10 log points lower than Hispanic women who dropped out before graduating high school. In contrast, the benefit of some college is marginal in closing the wage gap, and the benefits of a bachelor’s degree are even smaller. In log points, the aggregation of the Hispanic woman penalty and the white man premium is equivalent to the total white-men-to-Hispanic-women gap, and their relative magnitudes can be used to calculate the percentage point contribution of each component to the aggregate gap.

We collected data with the audio computer-assisted self-interviewing method, chosen to enhance confidentiality and participants’ comfort levels and to increase comprehension among women with low literacy. Participants completed the baseline surveys immediately before random assignment to the study conditions.

“What if the community health worker is a breast cancer survivor or had previously had an abnormal screening that identified something that needed further services? What aspects of the relationship most impact patient satisfaction with care? Black and Latina women are particularly at risk for being seen as angry when they fail to conform to these restrictive norms. A biologist noted that she tends to speak her mind very directly, as do her male colleagues.

Each assessment was implemented in Spanish and took approximately 45 minutes. Data collectors secured the interview data and were blinded to women’s assignment to the intervention arms. The health educators described how unhealthy relationships, including those characterized by abuse and coercion, can create barriers to practicing safer sex. This session also addressed reproduction, the female anatomy, and the value of one’s body.

In 2017, Hispanic high school students were 50 percent more likely to be obese as compared to non-Hispanic white youth. Latinas comprised 32.9 percent of all Latino state senators in 2010; women as a whole only represented 22 percent of state senate seats.

Participants were randomly assigned to either the AMIGAS HIV sexual risk reduction intervention or the general health comparison intervention. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded the study from August 2007 to August 2010. Latina principal investigators and coinvestigators led the study team, and the majority of the health department staff and project partners at Emory University and the CDC were Latino or were fluent in Spanish. The study team members were from Cuba, Central American countries, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico. We recruited 252 Latina women aged 18 to 35 years in Miami, Florida, in 2008 to 2009 and randomized them to the 4-session AMIGAS intervention or a 1-session health intervention.

My previous research has shown that there are four major patterns of bias women face at work. This new study emphasizes that women of color experience these to different degrees, and in different ways. Third, as noted above, we were not able to disaggregate births to Latina mothers by nativity status owing to data limitations.

Marianismo, rooted in Catholicism’s admiration of the Virgin Mary, is the belief that women must be pure, self sacrificing, pleasant, nurturing and demure9. Teenage Latinas are often met with pressure to meet these cultural standards, and this pressure can lead to development of anxiety and depression. These cultural factors do not favor reaching out for mental health assistance, making addressing the mental health concerns difficult. Despite this, many Latina women are finding their voice through mental health activism. Dior Vargas, a Latina feminist and mental health activists, created Color of My Mind, a collection of content from her People of Color Mental Health Phot Project.

In addition, income support programs can improve children’s academic, health, and economic outcomes, the National Academies of Sciences’ report on reducing childhood poverty finds. Even small infusions of cash can make a difference, according to an Urban Institute study — a finding that LIFT members’ experiences confirm. A 15 percent increase in the SNAP maximum benefit would give all SNAP households, including those with the lowest incomes, additional resources to purchase food.

The 3-day training provided a framework for delivering AMIGAS to Latina women at risk for HIV and aimed to enhance the health educators’ HIV-related knowledge and skills for delivery of AMIGAS with fidelity to the intervention curriculum. Trainees observed demonstrations of each AMIGAS activity, participated in group discussions and role-playing activities, and practiced teaching activities to demonstrate their knowledge of the curriculum and to experience delivering the intervention in a group setting. We assigned participants to the study conditions after the baseline assessment with concealment-of-allocation procedures, defined by protocol and compliant with published recommendations.19 Before enrollment, an investigator used a random-numbers table to generate the allocation sequence. As participants completed baseline assessments, they received sealed opaque envelopes with their assignments.

Science And Engineering Bachelor’S Degrees Earned By Hispanic Women, By Field: 1995

Few studies to date, however, have evaluated the population health implications of the election for Latina mothers and their children. The 2016 presidential election may have been associated with adverse health outcomes of Latina women and their newborns. My wife sometimes listens to Spanish language news where she tells me the negative news dominates even more than on English language news broadcasts.

As with the AMIGAS intervention, we field-tested the general health intervention with Latina women recruited in Miami. We trained 4 Latina health educators from the Miami–Dade County Health Department to deliver AMIGAS.

After earning a teaching certificate, Huerta was a lead community organizer with the Stockton Community Service Organization. Seven years later, they built the National Farm Workers Association where she led lobbying and negotiating efforts for laborers. She was a key leader in labor, civic engagement and civil rights organizing and has led lawsuits, national boycotts and campaigns. As the president of the Dolores Huerta Foundation, she continues to advocate for civil rights. Mary Hernandez an immigrant from Mexico, has lived in Shakopee, MN for the past 20 years with her family and has earned a reputation as a strong advocate for the residents of the community.

The number of employed workers fell by 24.7 million from February to April 2020 as the outbreak shuttered many parts of the economy. With the easing of government-mandated closures in recent weeks, employment picked up by 4.1 million from April to May. But overall, job losses remain sizable, with employment decreasing by 20.6 million (or 13%) from February to May.

The H100 Latina Giving Circle at Texas Women’s Foundation was established in 2019 by the Hispanic 100 Network to further engage Latina women in philanthropy, and to expand resources for local organizations whose mission is to empower, educate and support Latinas and our community. The H100 Latina Giving Circle is a part of The Hispanic 100 network that was founded in 1996.

Policymakers who oversee apprenticeship registrations can both encourage increased equity in current apprenticeships, as well as expanded apprenticeships into new industries and occupations. All the while, policymakers must ensure that these apprenticeships continue to be paths to training while earning living wages. Because Hispanic women still face limited benefits in terms of the wage gap for getting a college education after graduating from high school, just encouraging higher education will not resolve the gender wage gap.

DeVarona helped adapt the intervention for https://test.vp-s.co.uk/top-mexican-girl-guide/ and participated in all aspects of data collection. L. Er directed the study, supervised the acquisition of data, analyzed and interpreted the data, and helped write the article, J.

Before developing the AMIGAS adaptation, we conducted 3 focus groups with ethnically and culturally diverse Latina women to explore the factors that increased their HIV risks. We collected ethnographic data on their beliefs related to gender and social norms and sexual communication, as well as their knowledge and misconceptions concerning HIV.

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